Data Acquisition and Monitoring
Data Acquisition is simply the process of sampling signals that measure the real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer. In simple language, a Data Acquisition System converts analog waveforms into digital values for easy processing.
Early Warning System is the provision for timely and effective information, which allows individuals exposed to hazards to take action, avoid or reduce risk to life and property and prepare for effective response. The basic idea behind Early Warning System is that, the earlier and more accurately we are able to predict potential risks associated with natural hazards esp. flood, the more likely we will be able to manage and mitigate the disasters’ impact on society, economy, and environment. Early Warning Systems help to reduce economic losses and mitigate the number of injuries or deaths from a disaster, by providing information that allows individuals and communities to protect their lives and properties.
The rapid growth of communication networks has made it possible for this process of data collection and analysis to be instant by making data available online and in real time. Real-time data collection and delivery is highly valuable in providing timely data needed to understand hydrological processes and most importantly during emergency situations where it can safeguard life and property.
Hydrological Stations measure hydrological parameters such as water level, river discharge, and rainfall.
Weather monitoring is very crucial to the sustainability of both humans and the environment. When dealing with hazardous weather, meteorological monitoring and prediction
Air pollution has become a serious environmental concern and a public health risk in Nepal. Air quality monitoring system helps to measure the various parameters of Air such as Total Suspended Particulate, PM 2.5, PM 10, Carbon Mono-oxide, NOx, Sox, etc.